In the skincare industry, there are different “skin types”. But to many estheticians, including myself, there are only 5 main skin types. Most people know the basic ones but very few know what they are and why it’s important to understand their skin type.
Here it is:
- Normal skin
- Oily skin
- Dry skin
- Combination skin
- Sensitive skin
Normal Skin Types:
Normal skin types are the rarest skin types. They are people who’s skin produces a balanced amount of oil. In order for this to happen their follicles “pores” are always small in size. However, Normal Skin can have conditions to it! When I say conditions I mean; acne, wrinkles, sun damage, dehydration etc. The reason for these kinds of skin conditions is due to environmental factors, poor diet, and/or hormones. A woman can have normal skin w/ minimal oil production & still break out due to hormonal changes like Puberty, Monthly Menstrual, Birth, Underlying Medical Conditions, & Etc. So in reality, no one has perfectly normal skin. We must all take great measures to keep our skin healthy no matter the type.
Can use any kind of skin care that won’t completely strip the natural oil from your skin. Settle for a more natural skincare.
Try: Image Ormedic Balancing Cleanser (VEGAN) & Image Hydrating Sun-protection
Probably the most problematic skin. Oily skin is an overproduction of sebum “oil”. Follicles “pores” can be seen with the naked eye because the size is larger than normal. This skin type usually occurs in ages 10-30, when puberty is at its peak & during early adult-hood, and can change with age. Not only does oily skin cause makeup to run down your face, produce a shiny film, causes reptile like skin, and allows your pores to become easily clogged; it can also cause teenage & adult acne. There are 5 types of acne caused by oily skin. Type I. Blackheads, Whitehead’s, & milias. Type II. Mild Acne such as Papules. Type III. Papules and Pustules. Type IV. Nodules & V. Cystic (The worst kind). *Will keep you updated about a separate post w/ more information on acne types.
On the upside, it prevents premature aging & wrinkles but will not protect you from the sun.
Look for Water Based Cleansers/Products & Makeup and Always use toner after cleansing the skin. Use a clay mask to clean out debris from pores.
Try: Image Clear Cell Cleanser or Ormedic Balancing Cleanser & Image Sun-protection Matte
Dry skin is very different from Dehydrated skin. The both are often confused. Dehydration is a condition of the skin due to a lack of water consumption. Dry skin is caused by a lack of sebum “oil” and follicles “pores” are visually invisible. Often times Dry skin is associated with environmental damage and aging. But there are many factors that can cause Dry skin such as, cold weather, hot showers, lack of vitamins, poor diet, bad skincare like washing your face with a bar of soap, medical conditions & etc. However, it is most often seen in adults ages 30+. Dry skin can cause flaking which is why it is very important to exfoliate 2-3x daily and hydrate often. Using a hydrating sun-protectant is also extremely important with Dry Skin types because wrinkles can occur earlier than other skin types. *Stay away from Clay Masks!*
Use an oil cleanser and hydrating products such as Hyaluronic Acid & Sheet Masks. Moisturize with hydrating facial cremes & keep skin protected at all times.
Try: Image Vital C Cleanser, Image Bio-peptide Creme, Image Hyaluronic Acid, & Sun-Protection Hyrdating
The most common skin type. It is also my skin type.
There is a misconception that combination skin means you have oily and dry skin. This is true only to a certain extent. Combination skin means being oily only in your T Zone (Forehead, Nose, Chin, & possibly the cheek area near the sides of the nose). All other areas of the face are either normal or dry. This skin type is more costly. Usually, more than one kind of Cleanser is used for combination skin. This helps balance the PH in the skin. *Conditions can be associated with combination skin types!*
Useboth an oil cleanser and a water cleanser. Tone your T-Zone. Can mix Masks; clay mask on T-Zone & Hydrating Mask on other areas of the face.
Try: Image Vital C Cleanser, Bio-Peptide Creme & Hydrating or Matte Sun-protection.
Also a common skin type, but often considered a skin condition by many estheticians. Sensitive skin types are skins that can be easily stimulated by products and can cause redness of the face, stinging, itch, inflammation etc. It is important that you check with your client on this because more times than often, sensitive skin is due to and underlying medical condition, genetics, and/or allergies.
Use products that provide a cooling sensation. Stray away from heat & harsh chemicals (like peels or retinol) and settle for a more natural skincare. Sun-Protection is extremely important for this skin type. Wear it daily.
Try: Image Ormedic or Vital C Cleanser, Bio-Peptide Creme, & Sun-Protection Hydrating.
Your skin is made to protect you. LEARN to protect it too!